Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics: vocabulary in «hot cool» facts

In the bob, the Olympic park

  • 7-23 February, 2014
  • 17 competition days
  • 85 countries participated
  • 98 sets of medals contested
  • 11 venues located in two separate clusters — the Coastal Cluster and the Mountain Cluster

More Facts about the XXII Olympic Winter Games in Sochi

  • 48km distance between two clusters
  • Approx55 min ride between two clusters using the «Lastochka» high-speed train linked by a modern railway net
  • 51 billion dollars budget, which makes it the most expensive in Olympic history, with 3,5 billion dollars from federal budget («officially»), as 85 percent of the infrastructure had to be built from scratch
  • 12 new sports events introduced
  • A record number of female athletes participated – approximately 1200, or 45% of the total number of participants, and ladies’ ski jumping was included in the Games program for the first time in Sochi
  • The Sochi 2014 medals are the most …
    • Innovative: the prizes feature a transparent polycarbonate insert that is laser-engraved with the intricate logo pattern of the games, thus the production of one medal takes up to 18 hours on average and is a very elaborate process
    • Numerous: a record number of 1300 medals in the history of the Winter Games will be issued, with total weight more than 700 kg. No less than 2.5 kg of gold with a 999 hallmark, 490 kg of silver with a 960 hallmark and 210 kg of bronze will be used to make the medals
    • Diverse: there will be 12 new Olympic medals types for the competitions (slopestyle, ski halfpipe, etc.)
  • Bits of the Chelyabinsk meteorite were embedded in special commemorative medals given to the 10 gold medallists at the Sochi Olympics on 15 FebruaryThat is exactly one year after a huge chunk of space rock crashed into a lake in the Urals, central Russia
  • After the first alpine double gold tie in winter olympics history, co-champions were named in other sports including luge, bobsled and speedskating, according to the IOC
  • Even though medal producers made extras, they weren’t immediately ready for presentation. All Sochi medals came with an inscription of the event discipline, but the 46 extras were left blank. In the event of a tie, one of the blank medals had to be modified according to the design for that discipline
  • When the games are finished, any extra medals, including the silver for the women’s downhill, will be given to Olympic museums around the world, (e.g. a vault in the IOC’s headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland)
  • Viktor Ahn, a South Korean speedskater competing for the Russian team, won three gold medals and a bronze in short track speed-skating, making him the most decorated athlete in Sochi. Another foreign-born Russian athlete, American Vic Wild, won two golds in snowboard. The other three-time gold medalists in Sochi: Bjoergen and Domracheva
  • In medals per athlete count the Netherlands leads with 24 medals from 41 athletes equaling one medal for every 1.7 competitors. Belarus was second (six medals for 24 competitors; 1 for 4), followed by Norway (every 5.15 athletes), France (7) and Russia (7.03)
  • The 2014 Winter Olympics torch relay lasted 123 days and included stops in the North Pole (for the first time with the help of a nuclear-powered icebreaker), in outer space via Soyuz rocket, at the bottom of the deepest freshwater lake in the world — Lake Baikal in Siberia — and the top of Europe’s highest mountain, Mount Elbrus
  • Best known as a Russian Black Sea resort, Sochi became the warmest city to ever host the winter games. This was made possible by a massive snowmaking operation including technological wonders like cold-preserving tarps on the mountainsides to ensure there was enough snow
  • Sochi experienced a massive influx of people in February. The town, which boasts a population of just 400,000, was swarmed by 6,000 Olympic athletes, approximately 25,000 volunteers, with 2,000 of them coming from outside of Russia (ten percent of them — from the USA), 13,000 members of the media and a projected 3,000,000 spectators (30% coming from countries other than Russia)
  • The Sochi Winter Olympics can become the “greenest” games in history. Russia’s use of environmentally friendly building materials and renewable sources of energy, and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, ensured that the 2014 Olympics were ecologically-friendly. 500 compensatory activities were conducted from planting over 1,5 mln. trees to implementing a Persian Leopard reintroduction program
  • The 2014 Winter Olympics will be the first games held in Russia, and only the first attended by the U.S. The 1980 games hosted by the Soviet Union in Moscow were boycotted by Team USA in protest of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
  • Russia won 13 gold, 11 silver and 9 bronze medals in Sochi, two more than runner-up Norway. Overall, Russian athletes won 33 medals. It’s the first time the host nation swept both medal counts since Norway did it at the 1952 Winter Games in Oslo

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